The author of this blog Ayushi Dwivedi student of FIMT, GGS-IP University, and sub-editor in Droit Penale Newsletter. Currently, working as a sub-editor in Droit Penale News Head

Gautam Navlakha & Anand Teltumbe, 65-year-old activists have one week to surrender: Ultimatum by Supreme Court.
                                               What are the facts of the case?

The 2018 Insurance Koregaon Violence marks the attack on visitors during the annual celebrations in the Insurance Koregaon to mark the 200th anniversary of the Insurance Koregaon War. The meeting was largely attended by Mahars, and 28-year-old Rahul Patangale died as a result of the anti-social elements roaming the community. Subsequently, there were various protests across India, resulting in one death, 30 police injuries, and over 300 detained. On 3 January 2018, Prakash Ambedkar called the Maharashtra Bandh. There have been protests all over Maharashtra. In Mumbai, suburban trains were affected, causing the Dabbawalas to discontinue their services.
The case was registered under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UPA) alleging Maoist links to the insurance Koregaon violence.

Why only January 1st of 2018 was chosen?

The War of Koregaon of 1818 was of importance to the Dalits. On 1 January 1818, 800 troops of the British army, most of them Maher (leather workers), defeated the numerically superior force of the Peshwa Baji Rao II. The British built the Vijay Stambh in Koregaon in memory of the dead soldiers. In 1928, Dalit leader B.R. Ambedkar led the first memorial ceremony here. Since then, on January 1, every year, the Ambedkarite Dalits have gathered at Bheema Koregaon to celebrate their victory against the 'upper caste' Peshwa rule of the Maratha Empire, which they see as their oppressors.

What is the reason behind the violence?

According to legends, 9 Rangzeb killed and mutilated Maharaj in 1689 with Sambhaji. Govind Mahar of Vadu Budruk (a village near Bheema Koregaon) collected the body and performed the last rites. The monument of Sambhaji Maharaj is said to have been built by Dalit Mahar of the village. Soon, the tomb of Govind Mahar was built in the village after his death. The Marathas did not accept the role played by Govind Gaikwad and the other Mahars in the last rites of the Sambhaji Maharaj, as the Marathas of the village were surnamed Shivale (i.e. pierced), and were often voiced in the days before the January violence. Insurance Koregaon in 2018. They have a specific objection to a sign at the site that acknowledges the Mahar's contribution.

Outlines of the events after the violence occurred:

In March 2018, Forum for Integrated National Security (FINS), a group of mainly retired Army officers release a report on think tank insurance Koregaon riots. The report avoided direct involvement of Hindu leaders Milind Ekbote and Sambhaji Bhide. Instead, it blamed the Maoists (ultra-left-wing organizations) for instigating Dalit activists. It accused the Maharashtra police of "apathy" and disregard of the evidence.
On June 8, 2018, Pune police have arrested Surendra Godling, Sudhir Dhawale, Rona Wilson, Shoma Sen, and Mahesh Raut on charges of Maoist links for inciting riots. They alleged that the violence was triggered by a meeting of the Elgar Parishad held in Pune the previous day. People who have nexus with banned Maoist organizations are accused of holding the meeting.

On August 28, 2018, Pune police search for nine rights activists, arresting five of them. Among those arrested were Maoist ideologue Varvara Rao, lawyer Sudha Bharadwaj, and activists Arun Ferreira, Gautam Navlakha and Vernon Gonsalves. The Supreme Court has ordered them to be placed under "house arrest".
On September 12, 2018, Supreme Court extends "house arrest" to 17 September 2018.
On September 28, 2018, Supreme Court extends house arrest for another four weeks but refuses to hire a special investigation team. The first charge-sheet in the case was filed in November 2018 against six people arrested in June 2018. In February 2019, Sudha Bharadwaj, Varavara Rao, Arun Ferrera, and Gonsalves filed an associated charge sheet. The charge sheet does not contain the name of the novel and the telthumb.

The investigation into the case was taken up by Maharashtra police in February.
On March 16, a bench of Justices Arun Mishra and MR Shah dismissed the special leave petitions filed by them challenging the February 15 rulings of the Bombay High Court, which denied pre-arrest bail on the ground that there was a prima facie case.
The bench said the petitions for anticipatory bail could not be conducted in view of the equipment collected by the investigating agency.

The Court referred to Section 43d (4) of the UAPA, which states that no prior bail should be granted if the court is satisfied with the existence of the prima facie case.
The bench of Justice Arun Mishra and Indira Banerjee made it clear that there will be no extension of time. The jury is of the view that the accused are expected to surrender in accordance with the court's orders on March 16.
However, the bench gave the petitioners three weeks to surrender but now the court ordered to surrender themselves within a week.

[1] Email Id:; Institute: F.I.M.T, GGS-IP University.


  1. The facts and the timeline associated with this violent incident are presented in a very organised & sequential manner. This has happened as a result of an extensive research carried out by you in this matter. I think that owing to their personal medical conditions and the CoronaVirus outbreak prevalent in the nation, the Supreme court should put a stay on their surrender. Our judicial system needs to set up an example by delivering justice in such a way for this case that such violent incidents which pose threat to India's Unity in Diversity ideology do not iterate in the future.


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