The Author & Co-Author are Shivam Shukla and Siddharth Srivastava respectively who are pursuing BA LLB (Hons.) from ISDC, University of Allahabad.
" Power does not corrupt.Fear corrupts........ Perhaps the fear of a loss of power"
---John Ernst Steinbeck (1902-1968)
We learn basic moral values since our childhood. These moral values help us in becoming a good human being and getting respect through out our life. In the presence of these moral values, society becomes beautiful, but there absence is very disastrous, which we call "Corruption".
Corruption is the misuse of public power and resources for private gain. It is the abuse of a trusted position in one of the branches of the power ( executive, legislature & judiciary) or in political or other organizations with the intention of obtaining material benefits which are not legally justified for itself or for others.
Socio thinker Elliott and Merrill argues that corruption is a deliberate failure to obtain some direct or indirect personal benefit.Thus in Corruption,a person will fully disregards his duties in order to take undue advantage.
" Corruption is the illegitimate use of public power to benefit a private intereste."
· Types of Corruption
1. Petty Corruption-
Petty corruption means the corruption which is done on the small scale or on the low level.
For example- Registration offices, Police Station, State Licensing Boards &many other private and government sectors.
2. Grand Corruption-
Grand corruption means the corruption which is done on the big scale or in the high level. It includes political corruption (kidnapping, murder as Mr.Shanmughan Manjunath's murder , violence,injust etc.)
Cases of Corruption in India
* S.A.Khan Vs State of Haryana and others, on 18 December 1992.
* K.V. Joseph Vs State of Gujrat on 17 March 1997
* Puneet Sabharwal Vs Central Bureau of Investigation on 6 January 2010.
* Ankur Kumar Jain Vs CBI on 15 September 2010
Causes of Corruption
* Greed of money-
Desire of money plays a vital role in corruption, this happened when every natural or needy things were at high cost.To earn money,a person turns to the direction of the corruption.
* Ignorance of law-
Those who do the corruption in society always forget the law deliberately.
We can say that- "Power corrupts the man and absolute power corrupts the man absolutely."
* Business Competition-
To achieve a high rank in business, an individual or institution always stand on corrupted points such as killing the partner in business.
* Insufficient Salary-
Low government wages or monthly income in developing countries result in giving the opportunities for corruption.When a employee doesn't get sufficient salary,he wants to earn money through the way of corruption.
*Lack of Education-
When an uneducated person enters to a well developed society and seeing a lot of money and things,he tries to earn all these through anyway thus corruption comes to existence.
Remedies against Corruption
* End Impunity-
Effective law and enforcement is essential to ensure corrupt should be punished and break the chain of impunity.
* Court Reform-
Corruption is such a powerful element which reached up to the court,as to decrease it's rate judges should be well qualified to give a proper and a suitable judgement.
* Honest Media-
As we know that media is the fourth pillar of our constitution so every reporter should not show only tempation of parties but also acknowledge us with the loop holes of parties then only corruption would decrease.
* Promotion of Education-
Society should promote transparency in educational system for a better development of each individual and to protect from virus named as corruption.Educational system should not be classified as caste system.
Some steps against the Corruption by Indian Government
* Anti Corruption Act,1947
The prevention of corruption act came in to existence in September,1988. The sole idea of this act was to bring all the relevant provisions together.This act declared such corrupt act offences as taking bribe, misappropriation and abusing official position.
* A.D.Ghorwala Commission,30 April 1951-
Astad Dinshaw (A.D.) Gorwala CIE,ICS (1900 - 1989) was an officer of the Indian Civil Service. Gorwala focused his writing on attacks on the individual by the agencies of the state. He also fought a long battle against corruption.
* Commission of Enquiry Act,1952-
The Commission may consist of one or more members appointed by the appropriate Government, and where the Commission consists of more than one member, one of them may be appointed as the Chairman thereof.
* Chagala Commission,16 December 1957-
Mohammadali Carim Chagla (30 September 1900 – 9 February 1981) was an Indian jurist, diplomat, and Cabinet Minister who served as Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court from 1947 to 1958.
* Santhnam Committee,1962-
In 1962, Lal Bahadur Shastri appointed Santhanam to preside over the committee on anti-corruption. Because of its thorough investigative work and recommendations, the Committee earned a reputation as Santhanam's Committee on Anti-Corruption.
* Lokpal Bill,1977-
A Lokpal is an anti-corruption authority or body of ombudsman who represents the public interest in the Republic of India. The current Chairperson of Lokpal is Pinaki Chandra Ghose. The Lokpal has jurisdiction over Central government to inquire into allegations of corruption against its public functionaries and for matters connected to corruption.
Corruption is broad and complicated subject and needs to be narrowed down considerably. Basically corruption for money spread even an automatic area of creation. To dump this corruption, there are several punishments and remedies. If a person got allergic then we use the anti allergic medicines such like this remedies are helpful for precaution against corruption.
Thus I think that if we want to establish a well developed society in our country, we should try to destroy corruption. To establish a well education system and making a strict laws and regulations in the constitution, we can make a great and well developed country.